The New York Whale and Dolphin Action League

Appendix A*

Applicable Federal Laws Concerning Noise (U.S.)

National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA)
Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA)
Endangered Species Act (ESA)
Coastal Zone Management Act (CZMA)
Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Acts (MSA)
Marine Pollution, Research, and Sanctuaries Act**
Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA)
Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act (OSCLA)

Applicable International Laws

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS)
Agreement on Small Cetaceans in the Baltic and North Sea (ASCOBANS)
Agreement on Conservation of Cetaceans of the Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea, and Contiguous Atlantic Area (ACCOBAMS)
International Convention for Regulation of Whaling (ICRW)
1992 Rio Declaration on Environment and Development

Foreign Coastal States Concerned With Sound Levels Including Military Sonar

United Kingdom: Joint Nature Conservation Committee (JNCC)
Australia: Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act
Canada: Canadian Fisheries Act; other federal and provincial laws
Norway: Petroleum Activities Act
Italy: Licensing Through Case By Case Assessment
Arabian Gulf States: Regional Organization for the Protection of the Marine Environment Protocol
Vietnam: Licensing Through Case By Case Assessment
Venezuela: Monitoring Requirement
Brazil: Permitting Requirements through IBAMA

* From Regulating the Impacts of Seismic Exploration: Statues, Standards, and Concerns: Geophysical Operations & the Environment. NRDC Presentation by Michael Jasny. Houston, Texas, February 20, 2002.

** From Sounding The Depths. Supertankers, Sonar, and the Rise of Undersea Noise. NRDC publication. Michael Jasny, principal author. 1999.

The New York Whale and Dolphin Action League
PO Box 273, Yonkers, NY 10707 USA
Phone: 914-793-9186
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