The New York Whale and Dolphin Action League


Appendix D

Mass Strandings

MASS STRANDINGS SINCE 1963 CONCURRENT WITH OR FOLLOWING NAVAL MANEUVERS

1974

Bionaire (Lesser Antilles)

4

Cuvier's beaked whales

1985

Canary Islands

12
1

Goose-beaked whales
Gervais' beaked whale

1986

Canary Islands

4
1

Goose-beaked whales
Gervais' beaked whale

1988

Canary Islands

3
1
2

Goose-beaked whales
Northern bottle-nosed whale
Pygmy sperm whales
Two sperm whales found deaf in area after being shipstruck.

1989

Canary Islands

3
2
19

Gervais' beaked whales
deBlainsville dense-beaked whales
Goose-beaked whales

1996

Greece

12

Cuvier's beaked whales

2000

Bahamas

9
3
1
2
2
1

Cuvier's beaked whales
DeBlainsville dense-beaked whales
Gervais' beaked whale
Beaked whales of unknown species
Minke whales
Spotted dolphin

2001

Florida

2

Beaked whales of unknown species

STRANDINGS WITH CORRELATIONS TO NAVY SONAR

January, 2000

Atlantic Coastline (US)

Hundreds of cetaceans beaching found with brain and other tissue lesions.
Necropsy reports not make public.
NATO sonar testing in area (Sandoz, 2001).

1987

Atlantic Coastline (US)

Dr. J. Geraci, Navy scientist, reported dolphins exposed to 235 dB of sonar stranded; these suffered from tissue and lung explosions. Report buried in files at NMFS; after surfacing, necropsies requesting ear trauma reports denied or results not made public (Sandoz, 2001).

October, 2000

Virgin Islands

Multiple cetacean strandings following sonar sounds heard by scientists. Necropsy results from Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute (from ear canal researchers) not made public (Sandoz, 2001).

Summer, 1996

Haro Stair, San Juan Islands

After sonar use at 195 dB sonar, strandings of orcas, porpoises, seals, and other mammals (resident populations) occurred (Sandoz, 2001).

1998

Hawaiian Islands

Three whale calves and one dolphin calf found dead or abandoned during and immediately following sonar testing. One distressed whale calf breached 230 times and pectoral slapped 658 times in front of an Ocean Mammal Institute research team over a four-hour period. One dolphin pod was seen vocalizing profusely and huddling near the surface unusually close to the shore while the sound was on (Green, 2001-check year for Green; Sandoz, 2001).

1997

California

Open sonar testing in California began in 1997; large numbers of sonar exposed whales immediately began to strand with reports of aggressive behavior (symptom of LFAS exposure) (Sandoz, 2001).

January, 1999

California

150 gray whales found dead due to starvation along migratory route where LFA Sonar testing occurred in 1998. Necropsy reports including deafness withheld from public (Sandoz, 2001).


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