The New York Whale and Dolphin Action League


Appendix F *

Table 3-1. U.S. Naval Exercises Using Low-Frequency Active Sonara

Exercise

Area of operations

Period of operations

Complied with law?b

Magellan II

Classified; presumably the same area used in LFA-14

Aug. 1994

No

LFA-13

Gulf of Oman and Persian Gulf

Summer 1995

No

LFA-14
Northern

West of San Francisco Bay, extending north along the Mendocino coast

Sept. 26, 1995 -
Oct. 9, 1995

No

LFA-14
Southern

South of the Channel Islands, extending south along the Baja California coast

Sept. 26, 1995 -
Oct. 9, 1995

No

MARCOT
2-95

West of Vancouver Island (British Columbia)

Fall 1995

No

LFA-15

South of the Channel Islands, extending south along the Baja California coast

Feb. 1996 -
Mar. 1996

No

LFA-16
(RIMPAC-96)

Various sites around the Hawaiian Islands

May 1996 -
June 1996

No

CNO Project K154-4

Southwest of Kodiak Island (Alaska), extending west across the Aleutian Islands

Aug. 12, 1997 -
Aug. 31, 1997

No

a. Compiled from Environmental Assessments (EAs) prepared by the U.S. Navy. The list does not include the 22 LFA-related exercises for which EAs were not commissioned.
b. Applicable statutes may include the Coastal Zone Management Act; Endangered Species Act; Marine Mammal Protection Act; Marine Pollution, Research, and Sanctuaries Act; and National Environmental Policy Act.

* Table appears in Sounding The Depths: Supertankers, Sonar, and the Rise of Undersea Noise (Chapter 3: Floodlights and Hotspots). NRDC publication. Michael Jasny, principal author. 1999.


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