The New York Whale and Dolphin Action League


References

Balcomb, Kenneth C. III. Letter to J.S. Johnson, SURTASS LFA Sonar OEIS/EIS Program Manager. February 23, 2001a.

Balcomb, Kenneth C. III and Claridge, Diane E. A Mass Stranding of Cetaceans Caused by Naval Sonar in the Bahamas. Bahamas Journal of Science. Volume 8 Number 2, May 2001b.

Balcomb, Kenneth C. pers. comm. August, 2001.

Boxer, Barbara (Senator). Statement before the National Marine Fisheries Service. April 26, 2001.

California Coastal Commission. Staff Recommendation On Consistency Determination. CD-113-00 (Tu 5a). U.S. Navy: Operation of Surveillance Towed Array Sensor System Low Frequency Active (LFA) Sonar Program. 2000.

Council of County of Maui, State of Hawaii. Resolution Opposing The United States Navy's Proposed "SURTASS LFA" Sonar Program. 2001.

Doering, Christopher. Tougher U.S. laws urged to protect sea mammals. Reuters. October 11, 2001.

Earth Island Institute. Fact Sheet: How Loud is the Navy's SURTASS/LFA Sonar System? International Marine Mammal Project. 2002.

Green, Marsha. US Navy's Misinformation to Congress About LFA (Low Frequency Active) Sonar. Ocean Mammal Institute. June, 2000. http://www.oceanmammalinst.org/lfa-navy.html

Green, Marsha. Why the Navy's Conclusions about the Safety of LFAS are Scientifically Flawed. Ocean Mammal Institute. April 5, 2001. http://www.oceanmammalinst.org/navyconclusionsflawed.htm

Houser, D.S., Howard, R. and Ridgway, S. Can Diving-Induced Tissue Nitrogen Supersaturation Increase the Chance of Acoustically Driven Bubble Growth in Marine Mammals? Journal of Theoretical Biology. Volume 213, No. 2, November 21, 2001.

Jasny, Michael. Sounding The Depths. Supertankers, Sonar, and the Rise of Undersea Noise. Natural Resources Defense Council. 1999. http://www.nrdc.org/wildlife/marine/sound/

Jasny, Michael. Regulating the Impacts of Seismic Exploration: Statues, Standards, and Concerns: Geophysical Operations & the Environment. NRDC presentation. Houston, Texas, February 20, 2002a.

Jasny, Michael. pers. comm. February 22, 2002b.

Johnson, J.S. Final Overseas Environmental Impact Statement and Environmental Impact Statement for Surveillance Towed Array Sensor System Low Frequency Active (SURTASS LFA) Sonar. Department of the Navy. 2001.

Malme, C.I., Miles, P.R., Miller, G.W., Richardson, W.J., Roseneau, D.G., Thomson, K.H., and Green, C.R. Analysis and Ranking of Acoustic Disturbance Potential of Petroleum Industry Activities and other Sources of Noise in the Environment of Marine Mammals in Alaska. BBN Report 6945, OCS Study MMS 98-0006, Report from BBN Systems & Technological Corporation, Cambridge, MA, for US Minerals Management Service, Anchorage, AK. NTIS PB90-188673. (in Green, Marsha. Why the Navy's Conclusions About the Safety of LFAS Are Scientifically Flawed. Ocean Mammal Institute. April 5, 2001. http://listen.to/lfas

Marine Mammal Commission. Annual Report to Congress 1997. Jan.31, 1998. (in Green, Marsha. Why the Navy's Conclusions About the Safety of LFAS Are Scientifically Flawed. Ocean Mammal Institute. April 5, 2001. http://listen.to/lfas

Marine Mammal Commission. Marine Mammal Protection Act Bulletin. Marine Mammal Health and Strandings: Update on the Mass Stranding in the Bahamas. Issue No. 19/20 - 2nd/3rd Quarter 2000.

Marine Mammal Commission. The Navy's Proposed Operational Use of Low Frequency Active Sonar. Annual Report to Congress 2000. Chapter VII: Effects of Pollution on Marine Mammals. March 31, 2001.

Marine Mammal Commission. Letter to Donna S. Wieting, Chief, Marine Mammal Division, National Marine Fisheries Service Office of Protected Resources. June 5, 2001.

McGinn, Dennis V. (Vice-Admiral and Deputy Chief of Naval Operations for Warfare Requirements and Programs). Statement before the Subcommittee on Fisheries Conservation, Wildlife and Oceans of the House Committee on Resources on the Marine Mammal Protection Act and Surveillance Towed Array Sensor System Low Frequency Active Sonar. October 11, 2001.

Minke, Patsy (Representative). Statement before the Subcommittee on Fisheries Conservation, Wildlife and Oceans of the House Committee on Resources on the Marine Mammal Protection Act and Surveillance Towed Array Sensor System Low Frequency Active Sonar. October 11, 2001. (in Doering, Christopher. Tougher U.S. laws urged to protect sea mammals. Reuters. October 11, 2001).

National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries Service. Joint Interim Report: Bahamas Marine Mammal Stranding Event of 15-16 March 2000. United States Department of Commerce. December, 2001.

Reynolds, Joel. Press Conference. Natural Resources Defense Council. April 26, 2001.

Richardson, W.J., Green, C.R., Malme, C.I., Thompson, D.H. Marine Mammals and Noise. (First Edition). LGL Ecological Research Associates Inc., TX, for US Minerals Management Service, Atlantic OCS Region, Herndon, VA, MMS Study 90-0093, NTIS PB 91-168914. 1985. (in Green, Marsha. Why the Navy's Conclusions About the Safety of LFAS Are Scientifically Flawed. Ocean Mammal Institute. April 5, 2001. http://listen.to/lfas

Sandoz, Bobbie. The New Senate Leadership and LFAS: Appendix to Sonar. February 6, 2001. http://www.oceania.org.au/soundnet/jun01/senate.html

Sinkin, Lanny (Attorney in three LFA Sonar-related suits). United States Navy, High Intensity Sonar, & Marine Mammals - A Chronology. June 2, 2000. http://www.dreamweaving.com/lfas/

State of Maine Executive Department State Planning Office. Letter to Joseph S. Johnson, SURTASS LFA Sonar OEIS/EIS Program Manager National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. August 7, 2001. http://janus.state.me.us/legis/statues/12/title12sec7756.html

United States Navy. SURTASS LFA Sonar Environmental Impact Statement. Why Does the Navy Need SURTASS LFA Sonar? March, 2001a. http://www.surtass-lfa-eis.com/

United States Navy. SURTASS LFA Sonar Environmental Impact Statement. Acoustic Terms and Definitions. March, 2001b. http://www.surtass-lfa-eis.com/


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